[4] Archeological evidence suggests that Fiji was settled in three waves of immigration between 1230 BC–860 BC by early Polynesian peoples. The Tanoa drinking bowl, used for serving kava, Fiji’s national drink, is the most common woodcarved item available for purchase. Facts about tourism in Fiji. The 'Cibi' had perhaps been used incorrectly though, as the word actually means "a celebration of victory by warriors," whereas 'Bole' is the acceptance of a challenge. The climate in Fiji is tropical marine and warm year round with minimal extremes. Across 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) from east to west, Fiji has been a nation of many languages. The southwestern Pacific island nation of Fiji was a crown colony of Great Britain for 96 years until it won independence in 1970. The currency of Fiji is the Fijian dollar. When Fiji’s first settlers arrived from the islands of Melanesia at least 3,500 years ago, they carried with them a wide range of food plants, the pig, and a style of pottery known as Lapita ware. A major attraction on the outer islands is scuba diving. Fun Fiji Facts! Fiji is part of the Pacific Rim. Since becoming independent, Fiji has experienced times of democracy and military dictatorship. It is believed that the Lapita people or the ancestors of the Polynesians settled the islands first but not much is known of what became of them after the Melanesians arrived; they may have had some influence on the new culture, and archaeological evidence shows that they would have then moved on to Samoa, Tonga and even Hawai'i. //-->. In 2005, the Qarase government amid much controversy proposed a Reconciliation and Unity Commission with power to recommend compensation for victims of the 2000 coup and amnesty for its perpetrators. It may have helped to have the kids in tow. Fiji was a British colony up until 1970; British occupation lasted almost a century. It consists of more than 300 islands and 540 islets that occupy an area of 1,000,000 square miles. The Nadi International Airport is located 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) north of central Nadi and is the largest Fijian hub. It was replaced in 2012 with the new "Bole" (pronounced mBolay) war cry. Fiji have also produced stars like Akuila Uate, Jarryd Hayne, Kevin Naiqama, Semi Tadulala, Marika Koroibete, Apisai Koroisau, Sisa Waqa and the Sims brothers Ashton Sims, Tariq Sims and Korbin Sims. Major industries in Fiji are tourism and sugar. Cricket Fiji is an associate member of the International Cricket Council ("ICC"). Fiji or Republic of Fiji is actually an island nation with about 332 (though some sources have said 333) islands and 110 are inhabited. Fiji is the hub of the South West Pacific, midway between Vanuatu and Tonga. The Fiji national rugby league team, nicknamed the Bati (pronounced [mˈbatʃi]), represents Fiji in the sport of rugby league football and has been participating in international competition since 1992. If, for example, war had been declared, Fijians would be sharpening their knives (and forks) in preparation of meeting their enemies. Ceva-i-Ra, an uninhabited reef, is located about 250 nautical miles (460 km; 290 mi) southwest of the main archipelago. Fiji Fun Facts and Trivia Until the mid-19th century, the practice of eating one’s enemy was an accepted and honored tradition in Fiji. 10 Interesting Facts About Fiji 1) Fiji is composed of more than 300 islands. Other important towns include Nadi and Lautoka. Europeans settled on the islands permanently beginning in the 19th century. So this year we want to make life easier for 75 families and put smiles on little faces at Christmas. Facts about tourism in Fiji. /* sci facts 728 */ For a country of its size, Fiji has fairly large armed forces, and has been a major contributor to UN peacekeeping missions in various parts of the world. Fiji gained independence from the British Empire in 1970 after 96 years as a British colony. Through recent efforts by the national federation Basketball Fiji and with the support of the Australian government, many schools have been able to construct courts and provide their students with basketball equipment. 1. Rotuma, some 270 nautical miles (500 km; 310 mi) north of the archipelago, has a special administrative status in Fiji. Cleft can be passed by a boat. The official name of the country is the Republic of Fiji. The capital, Suva, is located on Viti Levu Island. President Iloilo abrogated the constitution, removed all office holders under the constitution including all judges and the governor of the Central Bank. Fiji is officially called the Republic of Fiji. Read on to discover some interesting facts about Fiji. Fast Facts. There is also a small but significant group of descendants of indentured labourers from the Solomon Islands. People live on only about 100 of the islands. Native Fijians of Melanesian and Polynesian ancestry make up 54% of the population. For the larger islands, rainfall is heavier on the southeast portions of the islands than on the northwest portions, with consequences for agriculture in those areas. Fresh fruit is one of the best Fiji food for kids to eat on your holidays. The Fijian flag is similar to both the Australian and New Zealand flags. The main towns on Vanua Levu are Labasa and Savusavu. google_ad_slot = "9761313702"; CNN named Fiji’s Laucala Island Resort as one of the fifteen world’s most beautiful island hotels. With your support, we will make sure each family receives a big family hamper full of nutritious basics, and some lovely Christmas treats. The archipelago is located between 176° 53′ east and 178° 12′ west. Food gifts such as raw or cooked oxen, whole pigs and turtles are usually accompanied by non-food gifts like bark cloth, kava or valuable whale’s teeth. Fiji Facts 1. Aspects of Fijian culture are similar to the Melanesian culture of the western Pacific but have a stronger connection to the older Polynesian cultures. The descent is patrilineal, and all the status is derived from the father's side. The most important islands are Vanua Levu and Viti Levu. The swimming is spectacular, the fish are friendly, there are caves and jungles to explore, and there are enough mangroves and mud pools to satisfy every get-grubby urge. Check out our ACCOMODATION options, there’s something for every budget from our air-conditioned dormitory to our beachfront villas. Fiji has a significant amount of tourism with the popular regions being Nadi, the Coral Coast, Denarau Island, and Mamanuca Islands. By:Sanjeev Narayan . Fiji is definitely in line for the most stunning place on Earth as well. Cricket is a minor sport in Fiji. The Fijian archipelago is a paradise for bird lovers, who can spend endless hours discovering the 100 plus species of birds that can be found on the islands. Why is this article needed? They have many forest, mineral, and fish resources. The first settlements in Fiji were started by voyaging traders and settlers from the west about 5000 years ago. Here are a few facts about Fiji that you may not know… Fiji is an island nation with over 300 islands and approximately 110 of these are inhabited. The team again qualified in the 2007 Rugby World Cup when they upset Wales 38–34 to progress to the quarter-finals where they lost to the eventual Rugby World Cup winners, South Africa. In the past, the country only had few basketball courts, which severely limited Fijians who desired to practice the sport more frequently. Some progress was experienced by this sector when Marion M. Ganey, S.J., introduced credit unions to the islands in the 1950s. Fiji is a small country in the Pacific Ocean. The Republic of Fiji is an archipelago of 332 islands in the continent of Oceania, located in the South Pacific Ocean north of New Zealand. Read on to discover some interesting facts about Fiji. Pottery art from Fijian towns shows that Fiji was settled before or around 3500 to 1000 BC, although the question of Pacific migration still lingers. There are 322 islands in Fiji and over 500 small islets. About 1.2% are Rotuman—natives of Rotuma Island, whose culture has more in common with countries such as Tonga or Samoa than with the rest of Fiji. Fiji's larger islands have extensive bus routes that are affordable and consistent in service. That pottery is generally associated with peoples who had well-developed skills in navigation and canoe building and were horticulturists. Rainfall is variable, with the warm season experiencing heavier rainfall, especially inland. Haf’liua– Rotuma. Central 2. 2. The Group Against Racial Discrimination (GARD) was formed to oppose the unilaterally imposed constitution and to restore the 1970 constitution. These include two international airports: Nadi international Airport, Fiji’s main international gateway, and Nausori Airport, Fiji’s domestic hub, and 13 outer island airports. For the 2000, 2008 and 2013 World Cups, the Bati were captained by Lote Tuqiri, Wes Naiqama and the legendary Petero Civoniceva respectively. On the right hand side is the national coat of arms. About 100 islands that are part of Fiji are inhabited. Relationships between ethnic Fijians and Indo-Fijians in the political arena have often been strained, and the tension between the two communities has dominated politics in the islands for the past generation. It has competed in the Rugby League World Cup on three occasions, with their best results coming when they made consecutive semi-final appearances in the 2008 Rugby League World Cup, 2013 Rugby League World Cup and 2019 Rugby League World Cup. The official languages of Fiji are Fijian, English and Hindustani (a mix of Hindi and Urdu). Viti Levu has an area of about 4,000 square miles (10,000 square km) and accounts for more than half of Fiji’s land area. Members of the team are selected from a domestic Fijian competition, as well as from competitions held in New Zealand and Australia. In late November and early December 2006, Bainimarama was instrumental in the 2006 Fijian coup d'état. Pots made in Fiji have been found in Samoa and even the Marquesas Islands. Under British rule, Indian servants were brought to Fiji to work in the sugarcane fields. But who doesn’t like a good fact? Fiji qualified for the 2016 Summer Olympics men's tournament for the first time in history. He gave Qarase an ultimatum date of 4 December to accede to these demands or to resign from his post. Peel the tough outer layer and chew on the woody insides to squeeze out the sweet juice. Fiji has 30 species of reptiles, 12 of which are endemic, such as the crested iguana. Fiji is a major tourist location, with its white sandy beaches, beautiful islands, all-year-round tropical weather and stunning coral reefs it is a popular destination for tourists from countries such as Australia, New Zealand and the USA. Fiji's main airline was previously known as Air Pacific, but is now known as Fiji Airways. Fiji has several popular tourism destinations. Other sports played include rugby 7's, rugby league and football (soccer). Fiji is an island country in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean. Winds are moderate, though cyclones occur about once a year (10–12 times per decade). It is now the second most-popular sport in Fiji, after rugby for men and after netball for women. The British granted Fiji independence in 1970. The year 2000 brought along another coup, instigated by George Speight, which effectively toppled the government of Mahendra Chaudhry, who in 1997 had become the country's first Indo-Fijian Prime Minister following the adoption of the new constitution. In 2016, they won Fiji's first ever Olympic medal in the Rugby sevens at the Summer Olympics, winning gold by defeating Great Britain 43–7 in the final. The main airport in the second largest island of Vanua Levu is Labasa Airport located at Waiqele, southwest of Labasa Town. The population of Fiji is mostly made up of native Fijians, who are Melanesians (54.3%), although many also have Polynesian ancestry, and Indo-Fijians (38.1%), descendants of Indian contract labourers brought to the islands by the British colonial powers in the 19th century. Honeymoons are very popular as are romantic getaways in general. Fiji consists of 332 islands (of which 106 are inhabited) and 522 smaller islets. The coup of 1987 caused further contraction. With the exception of Rotuma, the Fiji group lies between 15° 42′ and 20° 02′ south. google_ad_width = 160; Want more incredible content from Getty Images? 2. There are also small but economically significant groups of Europeans, Chinese, and other Pacific island minorities. The British subjugated the islands as a colony in 1874, and the British brought over Indian contract labourers to work on the sugar plantations as the first governor of Fiji, Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon, adopted a policy disallowing the use of native labour or any interference in their culture or way of life. Rotumais located 220 nautical miles (410 km; 250 mi… The second 1987 coup saw both the Fijian monarchy and the Governor General replaced by a non-executive president and the name of the country changed from Dominion of Fiji to Republic of Fiji and then in 1997 to Republic of the Fiji Islands. Natural resources include timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil, and hydropower. In 1875–76, an epidemic of measles killed over 40,000 Fijians, about one-third of the Fijian population. At the club level there are the Skipper Cup and Farebrother Trophy Challenge. The Fiji national sevens side is a popular and successful international rugby sevens team and has won the Hong Kong Sevens a record eighteen times since its inception in 1976. Fiji's flag was adopted on the 10th of October 1970. One of the problems for Fiji is simply getting their players to play for their home country, as many have contracts in Europe with the French Top 14 and the English Aviva Premiership or with Super Rugby teams, where monetary compensation is far more rewarding. The first European settlers to Fiji were beachcombers, missionaries, whalers, and those engaged in the then booming sandalwood and bêche-de-mer trade. 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