Employment Discrimination Law is the definitive treatise in this complex and highly detailed field. Employment Discrimination Employment discrimination occurs when an individual receives unequal treatment in an employment situation based on a trait unrelated to the performance of their job, such as race, gender, national origin, religion, disability, or sexual orientation. This type of discrimination fails to account for the many people who learn from their mistakes. Among the most important legislation for HR professionals to know, Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) laws protect against the discrimination of any individual based on age, disability, genetic information, national origin, race/color, sex, … Workplace Discrimination Laws. There are no federal laws that explicitly prohibit employment discrimination based on a criminal record. Discrimination and Harassment at Your Job. Under New York law, settlements of employment discrimination claims cannot prevent complainants from speaking to an attorney, the New York State Division of Human Rights, the U.S. Employment Discrimination. These laws protect employees and job applicants against: Discrimination, harassment, and unfair treatment in the workplace by anyone because of: Race. The law forbids discrimination in every aspect of employment. Color. Discrimination - Employment Laws 7/27/2015 Almost all states have adopted discrimination laws related to employment, with protection against discrimination based on various factors, such as race, gender, age, marital status, national origin, religion or disability. There are a number of federal-level laws that prohibit workplace discrimination—including Title VII, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, State and local government, public accommodations, commercial facilities, transportation, and telecommunications. The balanced and unbiased approach of this two-volume work reflects the combined efforts of attorneys representing the plaintiff/public, management, and union employment bars. In addition, federal laws against discrimination protect workers from retaliation for “asserting their rights to be free from employment discrimination.” It is illegal to discriminate based on these protected characteristics when hiring or in the workplace. To varying degrees, employers may legally consider a worker’s criminal history as part of the application process. Religion Next Article: Civil Rights Act of 1866 (1981 Act) Back to: EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION What is the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII)? The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces federal laws prohibiting employment discrimination. Title VII is the most developed body of employment discrimination law. The Pennsylvania Human Relations Act is a state law that prohibits discrimination against employees in the workplace. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, local human rights commissions, or any other form of law enforcement. Effective February 8, 2020: The Department of Fair Employment and Housing (DFEH) is responsible for enforcing state laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or employee because of a protected characteristic (see “What is Protected” below). This Act, along with its numerous amendments, prohibits specific types of employer discrimination based on race, sex (including pregnancy and childbirth), color, religion, and national origin. To find out more about how these laws may apply to you, contact the agencies and organizations listed below. 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